What is a Strain of Weed?

A strain of weed is a type of cannabis plant that has been bred to have particular characteristics and effects. Each strain of weed has its own distinct aroma, taste and potency, making it an essential aspect of cannabis consumption.

In this article, we will be discussing the differences between strains, tips for choosing the right strain and the best ways to consume your chosen strain:

Definition of Weed

Weed (or cannabis) is a type of flowering plant that has been used for various purposes throughout human history. It is believed to have originated in Central Asia and become more widely distributed over time. Today, it is grown in many countries around the world and is one of the most popular recreational drugs, with specific strains cultivated for specific effects on users.

The term “weed” usually refers to one species of cannabis, known as Cannabis sativa. This species of cannabis can vary drastically depending on environmental conditions, as well as how it was grown and processed prior to consumption. Each strain is distinctive and has its own effects that vary according to whether it was grown indoors or outdoors, its place of origin, and its methods of cultivation.

More recently, scientists have developed hybrid strains by mixing different strains together in order to create unique combinations which boast unique effects from each other strain.

Types of Weed

The cannabis plant is made up of three primary species: Cannabis Indica, Cannabis Sativa and Cannabis Ruderalis. All three species have genetic varieties, referred to as strains. There are hundreds of different strains which have been cultivated to produce different flavors, aromas and effects. Each strain has its own unique qualities and characteristics.

  • Cannabis Indica: Indicas are known for having a very relaxing effect on the body, often producing feelings of deep relaxation, sleepiness, physical pain relief and hunger. They tend to have shorter flowering cycles and grow more compact than sativa varieties. Popular indica strains include Blue Cheese, Northern Lights and Skywalker OG.
  • Cannabis Sativa: Sativas offer an uplifting effect on the body that can enhance creativity, focus and overall energy levels. They tend to be taller with longer flowering cycles than indicas—and some popular sativa strains are Sour Diesel, Amnesia Haze and Super Silver Haze.
  • Cannabis Ruderalis: Ruderalis is a seldom used term for referring to marijuana plants that do not fit into either the sativa or indica species category as they are very small in stature with low THC levels—often less than 10%. It tends to flower naturally without the need of specific light cycles like other cannabis plants; this makes it easier to cultivate in northern climates or regions where seasonal changes occur rapidly and unexpectedly.

Different Strains of Weed

There are hundreds of different strains of weed, each with unique characteristics and effects on the user. Some marijuana strains are known for their high THC content, while others are known for their terpene profile. Some strains are indica-dominant, while others are sativa-dominant. No matter what your preferences or needs are, there is sure to be a strain that is perfect for you.

Let's explore the different kinds of weed strains:

Sativa Strains

Sativa cannabis strains are known for their energizing effects, and in certain cases, medical benefits and stimulating recreational advantages. Typically tall and lanky plants with slender leaves, Sativa strains have relatively lengthy flowering cycles of 10-16 weeks. Well known for boosting creativity, energy levels, and inducing a happy feeling, Sativa dominant cannabis products typically offer an uplifting experience best consumed during the day.

Sativa strains will generally contain higher levels of terpenes such as pinene (used to support alertness), limonene (responsible for mood elevation) and myrcene (one of the most abundant terpenes in cannabis).

Common Sativa Strains:

  • Haze Berry
  • Super Sour Diesel
  • Cherry Lime Haze
  • Electric Lemon G
  • Tahoe Alien OG

Indica Strains

Indica plants are usually short, bushy and dense with wide, dark green leaves. In general, the effects of indica are generally described as relaxation, sedation and pain relief. It’s the preferred choice for evening use due to its calming and sleepy effects. Common features of an indica strain include feeling heavy (in body or eyes), a stoned feeling known as couch lock and sometimes a headache accompanied by the munchies.

Indica strains are great for treating:

  • Insomnia
  • Depression
  • Physical pain (both chronic & acute) such as headaches and muscle spasms
  • Neurological inflammation such as in multiple sclerosis sufferers
  • Digestive disorders
  • Anxiety relief
  • Appetite stimulation

Some examples of famous Indica strains are Afghan Kush, Northern Lights, Mazar Sharif, Hindu Kush and Purple Kush.

Hybrid Strains

Hybrid strains make up the majority of cannabis nowadays, as they allow growers to mix-and-match the best qualities of both Indica and Sativa genetics. Hybrids moderate both their physical effects and aroma, making them among the most versatile marijuana strains when it comes to treating a variety of conditions. By combining two or more subtypes, breeders can customize plants with specific traits like higher THC content, stronger aroma, or even faster flowering times.

The following are some of the more common hybrid strains available today:

  • GSC (Girl Scout Cookies)
  • Banana Kush
  • Ghost Train Haze
  • Sour Diesel
  • Blue Dream
  • Jack Herer
  • AK 47

Effects of Different Strains

Different strains of weed have different effects on the user. Depending on the strain, the user may experience heightened creativity, an uplifted mood, or a relaxed and sedated sensation. Each strain of weed also has its own medical potential, as some are more effective for treating conditions such as chronic pain or depression than others.

In this article, we will explore the effects of different strains of weed:

Sativa Effects

Sativa strains have the potential to produce a variety of effects, ranging from typical uplifting highs to more energetic and focused sensations. Understanding the varied effects of this strain can help you determine which type of Sativa is right for you.

The most common effects associated with Sativa include: heightened creativity, increased focus, an energetic vibe or rush, an improved mood and greater appreciation for art and music. In addition to these positive qualities, Sativa also has some mild physical benefits including increased alertness and better overall circulation.

Many users report that the cerebral high from a sativa gives them the ideal energy boost for engaging in a variety of activities throughout the day. Whether you want to take on an outdoor hike or dive into code at your local hackathon, eating this strain could provide the inspiration you need to cross that finish line. Moreover, its clarifying properties can enable individuals with ADHD-like symptoms to remain productive without being distracted by their affliction.

At higher doses, it can trigger hallucinogenic effects that are great for recreational experiences such as music festivals and art galleries alike. Other reports indicate they've experienced long “trips” when taking sativas in high dosages that involve deep reflection and powerful releases of emotion – similar to those caused by magic mushrooms or ayahuasca experiences in other cultures. Consuming suitable amounts of Sativas is crucial when seeking medical therapy or recreational pleasure as it enables to prevent anxiety attacks or inability to engage socially due its incredibly intoxicating properties when taken with disregard.

Indica Effects

An indica strain of cannabis originates from the Hindu Kush region of the Himalayan mountains. Plants typically have a thick, dense appearance and grow shorter than their ruderalis and sativa counterparts. Many people report that an indica produces an overall body high which increases relaxation, relieves pain and muscle tension, stimulates appetite and elevates mood.

The effects of an indica cannabis strain can vary depending on its specific genetic makeup, but in general it will not be as stimulating as a sativa strain and will produce a more calming physical sensation known as “the couchlock effect”.

Generally speaking, indica strains are more suited for nighttime use due to the sedation-like effects they provide. Since many consumers find peace in this type of relaxed state for nighttime use, these varieties are popular for aiding sleep and insomnia symptoms. Some products may also be helpful for treating nausea or other issues experienced from chemotherapy treatments or other medical conditions with severe vomiting or nausea as key symptoms.

Some popular strains in this category include Afghani, Northern Lights, Blueberry, Grand Daddy Purple and GSC (Girl Scout Cookies). However you should be aware that each one provides different effects depending on their unique cannabinoid ratio between THC & CBD content – so it’s important to review your selection prior to consumption if you have health concerns or are trying to target specific symptoms that need relief.

Hybrid Effects

Hybrid strains are a blend of two or more strains and may carry qualities from both parents. Hybrids provide a balance in effects, but can be extremely varied due to the types of each parent strain. As it’s important to know what you’re smoking, take note of the parent strains in order to understand what effects a certain hybrid strain may yield. Generally, hybrids are considered to have effects somewhere between an Indica and Sativa strain.

When looking for the type of effect you desire, most users designate hybrids as either “sativa-dominant” or “indica-dominant”. Sativa-dominant hybrids will usually produce an uplifting and stimulating effect which can help with fatigue, depression and social anxiety; on the other hand, indica-dominant hybrids will usually produce a calming and sedative effect which can help with insomnia, pain and muscle spasms.

Your local cannabis dispensary should be able to give you details about specific hybrid strains that may suit your needs – whether you’re looking for stress relief or energy boosting properties. So don't hesitate to ask!

Benefits of Different Strains

Different strains of marijuana have different levels of potency and different effects. Some strains of weed can help relieve anxiety and stress while others can help reduce chronic pain. Additionally, some strains can help increase focus and creativity.

Knowing what strain of weed is right for you can be beneficial in many ways, so let's explore the different benefits of different strains:

Sativa Benefits

Sativa is a type of cannabis strain that originates from humid and equatorial climates of countries like Mexico, Colombia, Thailand, and Southeast Asia. Sativa plants generally tend to be much taller and leggier than their Indica counterparts. They can easily reach between 8-20 feet in height depending on the climate and other influential conditions.

Sativa plants have light green fan leaves with thin, long blades that give it a cola shape. These types of strains typically have longer flowering periods when compared to Indicas; Sativas will require 10 to 16 weeks to fully mature, while Indica strains only take 7-9 weeks to flower completely.

With its distinct characteristics, Sativa is widely popular for its range of therapeutic benefits without the ‘couch lock’ effect. This makes it highly preferable among medical patients looking for relief without being overly sedated or incapacitated physically or mentally. Besides the fact there are numerous therapeutic benefits associated with Sativas, some other popular uses of this strain include fighting depression, anxiety and stress related ailments as it provides a more uplifting cerebral high as opposed to a stoned feeling experienced with some indica down strains..

Common physical effects of sativas include increased energy levels and improved muscle relaxation; making them incredibly beneficial for reducing chronic pain and inflammation as well as elevating moods and leaving users feeling contented upon consumption.

Indica Benefits

Indica benefits have been the subject of discussion and research among medical marijuana consumers for years. Many people find that indica generally produces a “body-high” that helps to relax the muscles, reduce tension in the body, and produce a deep sense of relaxation. Indica offers many benefits, including but not limited to:

  • Pain relief – Indicas offer pain relief without the same physical side effects reported by some prescription medications.
  • Reduces Anxiety – People who suffer from mood swings and anxiety have reported feeling calmer after using indica strains.
  • Better Sleep – Some users report better quality sleep after using indicas, allowing them to wake up feeling rested and rejuvenated.
  • Appetite Stimulant – Indicas can increase appetite in those who struggle with a lack of appetite or nausea due to medical conditions or treatments.
  • Relaxation – The body relaxation provided by Indicas can help alleviate physical pain by allowing muscles to relax and tension to melt away.

The different strains within the indica species may feature slightly different benefits depending on their specific terpene profile and design, making it important for medicinal users to experiment with different varieties until they find one that works well for them. Additionally, people looking for more balanced effects may want to explore hybrid cannabis strains which feature a combination of both sativa and indica effects.

Hybrid Benefits

Hybrid strains are combinations of sativa and indica plants that have been bred to create a strain with the benefits of both. Depending on what their parents were, hybrids can lean more towards one side or the other. Hybrids labeled as “balanced” will be roughly balanced between indica and sativa effects. Hybrids tend to produce effects that are generally more mellow than pure indica or sativa strains. Hybrids offer many benefits over pure varieties, including:

  • Mixed effects: Hybrids can offer the best of both worlds when it comes to physical and mental effects. Indicas generally have physical relaxation, while sativas tend to provide more cerebral stimulation. Many people prefer a hybrid because it allows them to achieve balance in their experience during a single session.
  • Variety: Hybrids allow growers and users alike to explore a wide variety of interesting combinations. Growers often find that they get better yields when growing hybrids than with pure varieties, due to increased genetic stability and hardiness introduced through hybridization processes.
  • Genetics: By combining two distinct varieties, hybridization creates a new strain whose genetics contain properties from both parents. This can create stronger and more diverse genetics for a particular strain than either parent had on its own, leading to hardier plants that stand up better against season changes, pests and disease threats from both climates involved in creating the parent plants used for the hybrid strain’s creation.


In conclusion, cannabis strains come in all shapes and sizes. There are sativa, indica and hybrid strains, each with its own unique characteristics. Sativas are known for their energizing effects while indicas tend to have more calming effects. Hybrid strains offer the best of both worlds, providing a combination of effects from both sativas and indicas.

Ultimately the choice of strain depends on the user's desired effect, whether it be to become more productive or to destress. Knowing what each strain offers can assist in making an informed decision when it comes to choosing a cannabis product.